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Objective: ECG ST segment resolution (STR) has been used to assess myocardial perfusion in STEMI patients undergoing PPCI. However, in most of the studies ECGs recorded at different time points after the actual procedure have been used, limiting the options of therapeutic interventions while the patient is still in the catheterisation laboratory. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence and clinical consequences of intra-procedural STR during PPCI. Methods: We analysed 12 lead ECGs recorded at the onset and the end of the PPCI procedure, measuring STR in the lead with maximum ST elevation on the initial recording. STR was defined as good when > 50% compared to baseline. Results: Pre and immediately post PPCI ECGs were recorded in 467 STEMI cases whilst the patient was on the catheter lab table. Mean patient age was 63 (+/- 12) years old and 75% were men. Mean duration of symptoms to admission was 3.8 (+/- 3.4) hours and 51% of infarcts were anterior. Good ST resolution at the end of the procedure was seen in 46.5% of patients and was observed more commonly in inferior compared to anterior infarcts (60.1% vs. 32.6%, p < 0.001), and in current smokers (53.2% vs. 42.4%, p = 0.031). In patients presenting with symptoms for < 4 hours, good STR was more common (74% vs. 66%, p = 0.019). Thrombus aspiration was used more frequently in patients who had good STR (88.5% vs 79.8% p = 0.011). Patients with good ST resolution had a shorter mean hospital length of stay (3.8 vs. 4.5 days, p = 0.009) and a higher left ventricular ejection fraction (49.9% vs. 44.2%, p < 0.001) measured by transthoracic echocardiography prior to discharge. Conclusion: Good peri-procedural ST resolution was seen in less than half of STEMI patients undergoing PPCI. There were important clinical consequences of good ST resolution. Identification of suboptimal peri-procedural ST resolution could help identify patients who may benefit from new treatments aimed at protecting the microcirculation, whilst the patients are still in the angiography laboratory.

Original publication




Journal article


Journal of Electrocardiology

Publication Date





224 - 229