Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of arterial spin labelling (ASL) in grading of adult gliomas. Eighteen studies matched the inclusion criteria and were included after systematic searches through EMBASE and MEDLINE databases. The quality of the included studies was assessed utilizing Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies-2 (QUADAS-2). The quantitative values were extracted and a meta-analysis was subsequently based on a random-effect model with forest plot and joint sensitivity and specificity modelling. Hierarchical summary receiver operating characteristic (HROC) curve analysis was also conducted. The absolute tumour blood flow (TBF) values can differentiate high-grade gliomas (HGGs) from low-grade gliomas (LGGs) and grade II from grade IV tumours. However, it lacked the capacity to differentiate grade II from grade III tumours and grade III from grade IV tumours. In contrast, the relative TBF (rTBF) is effective in differentiating HGG from LGG and in glioma grading. The maximum rTBF (rTBFmax) demonstrated the best results in glioma grading. These results were also reflected in the sensitivity/specificity analysis in which the rTBFmax showed the highest discrimination performance in glioma grading. The estimated effect size for the rTBF was approximately similar between HGGs and LGGs, and grade II and grade III tumours, (-1.46 (-2.00, -0.91), p-value < 0.001), (-1.39 (-1.89, -0.89), p-value < 0.001), respectively; while it exhibited smaller effect size between grade III and grade IV (-1.05 (-1.82, -0.27)), p < 0.05). Sensitivity and specificity analysis replicate these results as well. This meta-analysis suggests that ASL is useful for glioma grading, especially when considering the rTBFmax parameter.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





1589 - 1601


Department of Radiology Technology, Taibah University, Medina, KSA.